MirBSD manpage: dprofpp(1)

DPROFPP(1)      Perl Programmers Reference Guide       DPROFPP(1)


     dprofpp - display perl profile data


     dprofpp [-a|-z|-l|-v|-U] [-d] [-s|-r|-u] [-q] [-F] [-I|-E]
     [-O cnt] [-A] [-R] [-S] [-g subroutine] [-G <regexp> [-P]]
     [-f <regexp>] [profile]

     dprofpp -T [-F] [-g subroutine] [profile]

     dprofpp -t [-F] [-g subroutine] [profile]

     dprofpp -G <regexp> [-P] [profile]

     dprofpp -p script [-Q] [other opts]

     dprofpp -V [profile]


     The dprofpp command interprets profile data produced by a
     profiler, such as the Devel::DProf profiler.  Dprofpp will
     read the file tmon.out and display the 15 subroutines which
     are using the most time.  By default the times for each sub-
     routine are given exclusive of the times of their child sub-

     To profile a Perl script run the perl interpreter with the
     -d switch.  So to profile script test.pl with Devel::DProf
     use the following:

             $ perl5 -d:DProf test.pl

     Then run dprofpp to analyze the profile.  The output of
     dprofpp depends on the flags to the program and the version
     of Perl you're using.

             $ dprofpp -u
             Total Elapsed Time =    1.67 Seconds
                      User Time =    0.61 Seconds
             Exclusive Times
             %Time Seconds     #Calls sec/call Name
              52.4   0.320          2   0.1600 main::foo
              45.9   0.280        200   0.0014 main::bar
              0.00   0.000          1   0.0000 DynaLoader::import
              0.00   0.000          1   0.0000 main::baz

     The dprofpp tool can also run the profiler before analyzing
     the profile data.  The above two commands can be executed
     with one dprofpp command.

             $ dprofpp -u -p test.pl

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           1

DPROFPP(1)      Perl Programmers Reference Guide       DPROFPP(1)

     Consult "PROFILE FORMAT" in Devel::DProf for a description
     of the raw profile.


     Columns are:

         Percentage of time spent in this routine.

         Number of calls to this routine.

         Average number of seconds per call to this routine.

         Name of routine.

         Time (in seconds) spent in this routine and routines
         called from it.

         Time (in seconds) spent in this routine (not including
         those called from it).

         Average time (in seconds) spent in each call of this
         routine (including those called from it).


     -a   Sort alphabetically by subroutine names.

     -d   Reverse whatever sort is used

     -A   Count timing for autoloaded subroutine as timing for
          *::AUTOLOAD. Otherwise the time to autoload it is
          counted as time of the subroutine itself (there is no
          way to separate autoload time from run time).

          This is going to be irrelevant with newer Perls.  They
          will inform "Devel::DProf" when the "AUTOLOAD" switches
          to actual subroutine, so a separate statistics for
          "AUTOLOAD" will be collected no matter whether this
          option is set.

     -R   Count anonymous subroutines defined in the same package

     -E   (default)  Display all subroutine times exclusive of
          child subroutine times.

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DPROFPP(1)      Perl Programmers Reference Guide       DPROFPP(1)

     -F   Force the generation of fake exit timestamps if dprofpp
          reports that the profile is garbled.  This is only use-
          ful if dprofpp determines that the profile is garbled
          due to missing exit timestamps.  You're on your own if
          you do this.  Consult the BUGS section.

     -I   Display all subroutine times inclusive of child subrou-
          tine times.

     -l   Sort by number of calls to the subroutines.  This may
          help identify candidates for inlining.

     -O cnt
          Show only cnt subroutines.  The default is 15.

     -p script
          Tells dprofpp that it should profile the given script
          and then interpret its profile data.  See -Q.

     -Q   Used with -p to tell dprofpp to quit after profiling
          the script, without interpreting the data.

     -q   Do not display column headers.

     -r   Display elapsed real times rather than user+system

     -s   Display system times rather than user+system times.

     -T   Display subroutine call tree to stdout.  Subroutine
          statistics are not displayed.

     -t   Display subroutine call tree to stdout.  Subroutine
          statistics are not displayed.  When a function is
          called multiple consecutive times at the same calling
          level then it is displayed once with a repeat count.

     -S   Display merged subroutine call tree to stdout.  Statis-
          tics are displayed for each branch of the tree.

          When a function is called multiple (not necessarily
          consecutive) times in the same branch then all these
          calls go into one branch of the next level.  A repeat
          count is output together with combined inclusive,
          exclusive and kids time.

          Branches are sorted with regard to inclusive time.

     -U   Do not sort.  Display in the order found in the raw

     -u   Display user times rather than user+system times.

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DPROFPP(1)      Perl Programmers Reference Guide       DPROFPP(1)

     -V   Print dprofpp's version number and exit.  If a raw pro-
          file is found then its XS_VERSION variable will be
          displayed, too.

     -v   Sort by average time spent in subroutines during each
          call.  This may help identify candidates for inlining.

     -z   (default) Sort by amount of user+system time used.  The
          first few lines should show you which subroutines are
          using the most time.

     -g "subroutine"
          Ignore subroutines except "subroutine" and whatever is
          called from it.

     -G <regexp>
          Aggregate "Group" all calls matching the pattern
          together. For example this can be used to group all
          calls of a set of packages

            -G "(package1::)|(package2::)|(package3::)"

          or to group subroutines by name:

            -G "getNum"

     -P   Used with -G to aggregate "Pull" together all calls
          that did not match -G.

     -f <regexp>
          Filter all calls matching the pattern.

     -h   Display brief help and exit.

     -H   Display long help and exit.


     The environment variable DPROFPP_OPTS can be set to a string
     containing options for dprofpp.  You might use this if you
     prefer -I over -E or if you want -F on all the time.

     This was added fairly lazily, so there are some undesirable
     side effects. Options on the commandline should override
     options in DPROFPP_OPTS--but don't count on that in this


     Applications which call _exit() or exec() from within a sub-
     routine will leave an incomplete profile.  See the -F

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           4

DPROFPP(1)      Perl Programmers Reference Guide       DPROFPP(1)

     Any bugs in Devel::DProf, or any profiler generating the
     profile data, could be visible here.  See "BUGS" in

     Mail bug reports and feature requests to the perl5-porters
     mailing list at <perl5-porters@perl.org>.  Bug reports
     should include the output of the -V option.


             dprofpp         - profile processor
             tmon.out        - raw profile


     perl, Devel::DProf, times(2)

perl v5.8.8                2006-06-30                           5

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