MirBSD manpage: kill(1)

KILL(1)                      BSD Reference Manual                      KILL(1)


     kill - terminate or signal a process


     kill [-s signal_name] pid [...]
     kill -l [exit_status]
     kill -signal_name pid [...]
     kill -signal_number pid [...]


     The kill utility sends a signal to the process(es) specified by the pid
     operand(s). If no signal is specified, SIGTERM is used.

     Only the superuser may send signals to other users' processes.

     The options are as follows:

     -s signal_name
             A symbolic signal name specifying the signal to be sent instead
             of the default SIGTERM.

     -l [exit_status]
             If no operand is given, list the signal names; otherwise, write
             the signal name corresponding to exit_status.

             A symbolic signal name specifying the signal to be sent instead
             of the default SIGTERM.

             A non-negative decimal integer specifying the signal to be sent
             instead of the default SIGTERM.

     The following PIDs have special meanings:

           -1      If superuser, broadcast the signal to all processes; other-
                   wise, broadcast to all processes belonging to the user.

           -pgid   Send the signal to all processes within the specified pro-
                   cess group.

     Some of the more commonly used signals:

           1       HUP (hang up)
           2       INT (interrupt)
           3       QUIT (quit)
           6       ABRT (abort)
           9       KILL (non-catchable, non-ignorable kill)
           14      ALRM (alarm clock)
           15      TERM (software termination signal)

     For a more complete list, consult the sigaction(2) manual page.

     A signal number of 0 (kill -0 pid) checks the validity of a certain PID,
     to see if it exists. An exit code of 0 means that the specified process

     The kill utility exists as a built-in to most shells; they allow job
     specifiers of the form "%..." as arguments, so process IDs are not as
     often used as kill arguments.


     Forcibly terminate process ID 1234:

           $ kill -9 1234

     Send the inetd(8) daemon the hangup signal, instructing it to re-read its
     configuration from /etc/inetd.conf:

           $ sudo kill -HUP $(cat /var/run/inetd.pid)


     csh(1), pkill(1), ps(1), sh(1), kill(2), sigaction(2)


     The kill utility is expected to be IEEE Std 1003.2 ("POSIX.2") compati-


     A kill command appeared in Version 3 AT&T UNIX. It is actually an mksh
     builtin in MirBSD #11.

MirBSD #10-current            February 11, 2011                              1

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