MirBSD manpage: times(3)

TIMES(3)                   BSD Programmer's Manual                    TIMES(3)


     times - process times


     #include <sys/times.h>

     times(struct tms *tp);


     This interface is obsoleted by getrusage(2) and gettimeofday(2).

     The times() function returns the value of time in CLK_TCKs of a second
     since 0 hours, 0 minutes, 0 seconds, January 1, 1970, Coordinated Univer-
     sal Time (UTC).

     It also fills in the structure pointed to by tp with time-accounting in-

     The tms structure is defined as follows:

           struct tms {
                   clock_t tms_utime;
                   clock_t tms_stime;
                   clock_t tms_cutime;
                   clock_t tms_cstime;

     The elements of this structure are defined as follows:

     tms_utime   The CPU time charged for the execution of user instructions.

     tms_stime   The CPU time charged for execution by the system on behalf of
                 the process.

     tms_cutime  The sum of tms_utime and tms_cutime for all of the child

     tms_cstime  The sum of tms_stime and tms_cstime for all of the child

     All times are in CLK_TCKs of a second.

     The times of a terminated child process are included in the tms_cutime
     and tms_cstime elements of the parent when one of the wait(2) functions
     returns the process ID of the terminated child to the parent. If an error
     occurs, times() returns the value (clock_t)-1, and sets errno to indicate
     the error.


     The times() function may fail and set the global variable errno for any
     of the errors specified for the library routines getrusage(2) and


     time(1), getrusage(2), gettimeofday(2), wait(2)


     The times() function conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-1988 ("POSIX.1").

MirBSD #10-current               June 4, 1993                                1

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