MirBSD manpage: File::Copy(3p)

File::Copy(3p)  Perl Programmers Reference Guide   File::Copy(3p)


     File::Copy - Copy files or filehandles


             use File::Copy;

             copy("file1","file2") or die "Copy failed: $!";

             use File::Copy "cp";

             $n = FileHandle->new("/a/file","r");


     The File::Copy module provides two basic functions, "copy"
     and "move", which are useful for getting the contents of a
     file from one place to another.

     +   The "copy" function takes two parameters: a file to copy
         from and a file to copy to. Either argument may be a
         string, a FileHandle reference or a FileHandle glob.
         Obviously, if the first argument is a filehandle of some
         sort, it will be read from, and if it is a file name it
         will be opened for reading. Likewise, the second argu-
         ment will be written to (and created if need be).  Try-
         ing to copy a file on top of itself is a fatal error.

         Note that passing in files as handles instead of names
         may lead to loss of information on some operating sys-
         tems; it is recommended that you use file names whenever
         possible.  Files are opened in binary mode where appli-
         cable.  To get a consistent behaviour when copying from
         a filehandle to a file, use "binmode" on the filehandle.

         An optional third parameter can be used to specify the
         buffer size used for copying. This is the number of
         bytes from the first file, that wil be held in memory at
         any given time, before being written to the second file.
         The default buffer size depends upon the file, but will
         generally be the whole file (up to 2Mb), or 1k for
         filehandles that do not reference files (eg. sockets).

         You may use the syntax "use File::Copy "cp"" to get at
         the "cp" alias for this function. The syntax is exactly
         the same.

     +   The "move" function also takes two parameters: the
         current name and the intended name of the file to be
         moved.  If the destination already exists and is a
         directory, and the source is not a directory, then the

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         source file will be renamed into the directory specified
         by the destination.

         If possible, move() will simply rename the file.  Other-
         wise, it copies the file to the new location and deletes
         the original.  If an error occurs during this copy-and-
         delete process, you may be left with a (possibly par-
         tial) copy of the file under the destination name.

         You may use the "mv" alias for this function in the same
         way that you may use the "cp" alias for "copy".

     File::Copy also provides the "syscopy" routine, which copies
     the file specified in the first parameter to the file speci-
     fied in the second parameter, preserving OS-specific attri-
     butes and file structure.  For Unix systems, this is
     equivalent to the simple "copy" routine, which doesn't
     preserve OS-specific attributes.  For VMS systems, this
     calls the "rmscopy" routine (see below).  For OS/2 systems,
     this calls the "syscopy" XSUB directly. For Win32 systems,
     this calls "Win32::CopyFile".

     On Mac OS (Classic), "syscopy" calls
     "Mac::MoreFiles::FSpFileCopy", if available.

     Special behaviour if "syscopy" is defined (OS/2, VMS and

     If both arguments to "copy" are not file handles, then
     "copy" will perform a "system copy" of the input file to a
     new output file, in order to preserve file attributes,
     indexed file structure, etc.  The buffer size parameter is
     ignored.  If either argument to "copy" is a handle to an
     opened file, then data is copied using Perl operators, and
     no effort is made to preserve file attributes or record

     The system copy routine may also be called directly under
     VMS and OS/2 as "File::Copy::syscopy" (or under VMS as
     "File::Copy::rmscopy", which is the routine that does the
     actual work for syscopy).

         The first and second arguments may be strings,
         typeglobs, typeglob references, or objects inheriting
         from IO::Handle; they are used in all cases to obtain
         the filespec of the input and output files, respec-
         tively.  The name and type of the input file are used as
         defaults for the output file, if necessary.

         A new version of the output file is always created,
         which inherits the structure and RMS attributes of the

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         input file, except for owner and protections (and possi-
         bly timestamps; see below).  All data from the input
         file is copied to the output file; if either of the
         first two parameters to "rmscopy" is a file handle, its
         position is unchanged.  (Note that this means a file
         handle pointing to the output file will be associated
         with an old version of that file after "rmscopy"
         returns, not the newly created version.)

         The third parameter is an integer flag, which tells
         "rmscopy" how to handle timestamps.  If it is < 0, none
         of the input file's timestamps are propagated to the
         output file.  If it is > 0, then it is interpreted as a
         bitmask: if bit 0 (the LSB) is set, then timestamps
         other than the revision date are propagated; if bit 1 is
         set, the revision date is propagated.  If the third
         parameter to "rmscopy" is 0, then it behaves much like
         the DCL COPY command: if the name or type of the output
         file was explicitly specified, then no timestamps are
         propagated, but if they were taken implicitly from the
         input filespec, then all timestamps other than the revi-
         sion date are propagated.  If this parameter is not sup-
         plied, it defaults to 0.

         Like "copy", "rmscopy" returns 1 on success.  If an
         error occurs, it sets $!, deletes the output file, and
         returns 0.


     All functions return 1 on success, 0 on failure. $! will be
     set if an error was encountered.


     +   On Mac OS (Classic), the path separator is ':', not '/',
         and the current directory is denoted as ':', not '.'.
         You should be careful about specifying relative path-
         names. While a full path always begins with a volume
         name, a relative pathname should always begin with a
         ':'.  If specifying a volume name only, a trailing ':'
         is required.


           copy("file1", "tmp");        # creates the file 'tmp' in the current directory
           copy("file1", ":tmp:");      # creates :tmp:file1
           copy("file1", ":tmp");       # same as above
           copy("file1", "tmp");        # same as above, if 'tmp' is a directory (but don't do
                                        # that, since it may cause confusion, see example #1)
           copy("file1", "tmp:file1");  # error, since 'tmp:' is not a volume
           copy("file1", ":tmp:file1"); # ok, partial path
           copy("file1", "DataHD:");    # creates DataHD:file1

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           move("MacintoshHD:fileA", "DataHD:fileB"); # moves (don't copies) files from one
                                                      # volume to another


     File::Copy was written by Aaron Sherman <ajs@ajs.com> in
     1995, and updated by Charles Bailey
     <bailey@newman.upenn.edu> in 1996.

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