MirBSD manpage: httpd(8)

HTTPD(8)                 BSD System Manager's Manual                  HTTPD(8)


     httpd - Hypertext Transfer Protocol Daemon


     httpd [-46FhLlSTtuVvX] [-C directive] [-c directive] [-D parameter]
           [-d serverroot] [-f config] [-R libexecdir]


     httpd is the MirBSD HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) server program. It
     is designed to be run as a stand-alone daemon process. When used like
     this it will create a pool of child processes to handle requests. To stop
     it, send a TERM signal to the initial (parent) process. The PID of this
     process is written to a file as given in the configuration file. Normally
     this service can be enabled for startup on MirBSD by editing

     Alternatively, httpd may be invoked by the Internet daemon inetd(8) each
     time a connection to the HTTP service is made.

     httpd can be made to support HTTPS transactions if RSA certificates are
     generated and the utility is started with the -DSSL flag. See ssl(8) for
     further information.

     By default, httpd will chroot(2) to the "ServerRoot" path, serving docu-
     ments from the "DocumentRoot" path. As a result of the default secure
     behaviour, httpd cannot access any objects outside "ServerRoot" - this
     security measure is taken in case httpd is compromised. This is not
     without drawbacks, though:

     CGI programs may fail due to the limited environment available inside
     this chroot space. "UserDir", of course, cannot access files outside the
     directory space. Other modules will also have issues. "DocumentRoot"
     directories or any other files needed must be inside "ServerRoot". For
     this to work, pathnames inside the configuration file do not need adjust-
     ment relative to "ServerRoot". For this option to remain secure, it is
     important that no files or directories writable by user www or group www
     are created inside the "ServerRoot".

     The -u option (see below) can be specified to disable chroot(2) func-

     This manual page only lists the command line arguments. For details of
     the directives necessary to configure httpd, see a local copy of the
     Apache(TM) manual in /var/www/htdocs/manual/. This manual is not 100% ac-
     curate for MirBSD httpd though. Paths in this manual page reflect those
     compiled into httpd by default with MirBSD.

     The options are as follows:

     -C directive
             Process the configuration directive before reading config files.

     -c directive
             Process the configuration directive after reading config files.

     -D parameter
             Sets a configuration parameter which can be used with
             <IfDefine>...</IfDefine> sections in the configuration files to
             conditionally skip or process commands.

     -d serverroot
             Set the initial value for the "ServerRoot" directive to
             serverroot. This can be overridden by the "ServerRoot" command in
             the configuration file. The default is /var/www.

     -F      Run the main process in foreground. For process supervisors.

     -f config
             Execute the commands in the file config on startup. If config
             does not begin with a /, then it is taken to be a path relative
             to the ServerRoot. The default is conf/httpd.conf.

     -h      Output a short summary of available command line options.

     -L      Output a list of directives together with expected arguments and
             places where the directive is valid.

     -l      Output a list of modules compiled into the server.

     -R libexecdir
             This option is only available if httpd was built with the
             SHARED_CORE rule enabled which forces the httpd core code to be
             placed into a dynamic shared object (DSO) file. This file is
             searched in a hardcoded path under ServerRoot per default. Use
             this option to override.

     -S      Show the settings as parsed from the config file (currently only
             shows the virtualhost settings).

     -T      Run syntax tests for configuration files only, without Documen-
             tRoot checks. The program immediately exits after this syntax
             parsing with either a return code of 0 (Syntax OK) or return code
             not equal to 0 (Syntax Error).

     -t      Run syntax tests for configuration files only, including Documen-
             tRoot checks. The program immediately exits after this syntax
             parsing with either a return code of 0 (Syntax OK) or return code
             not equal to 0 (Syntax Error).

     -u      By default httpd will chroot(2) to the "ServerRoot" path. The -u
             option disables this behaviour, and returns httpd to the expanded
             "unsecure" behaviour.

     -V      Print the version and build parameters of httpd, and then exit.

     -v      Print the version of httpd, and then exit.

     -X      Run in single-process mode, for internal debugging purposes only;
             the daemon does not detach from the terminal or fork any chil-
             dren. Do NOT use this mode to provide ordinary web service.

     The documents served by httpd should not be owned by the user which httpd
     is running as (usually user www and group www). They must, however, be
     readable by this user.




     dbmmanage(1), htdigest(1), htpasswd(1), chroot(2), apxs(8), inetd(8),
     logresolve(8), rc.conf.local(8), rotatelogs(8), ssl(8), suexec(8)

     The MirBSD httpd manual: /var/www/htdocs/manual/.

MirBSD #10-current              March 19, 2008                               2

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